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Slavery and Peonage After Juneteenth The Ignoring, The Cover up and Erasure


Peonage: Illegal Slavery in America

Peonage, also known as debt servitude or debt slavery, refers to a system in which individuals are forced into labor to repay debts, often in exploitative and oppressive conditions. This chapter explores the history and impact of peonage as a form of illegal slavery in America. It delves into the origins of peonage, its prevalence in different regions, the legal framework surrounding it, and the efforts to abolish this abusive practice.

Section 1: Origins and Spread of Peonage

1.1 Historical Background Peonage has roots in different systems of labor exploitation throughout history, including serfdom and indentured servitude. In the context of America, peonage gained prominence after the Civil War and during the Reconstruction era.

1.2 Plantation Economy and Peonage The plantation economies in the southern United States heavily relied on cheap labor to sustain agricultural production. Peonage emerged as a means to maintain a coerced workforce and perpetuate racial and economic inequality.

Section 2: The Mechanics of Peonage

2.1 Coercion and Indenture Peonage involved various methods of coercion, such as fraudulent contracts, false debts, and threats of violence or legal repercussions. Individuals would be indentured to their "creditors" for an indefinite period until their alleged debts were repaid.

2.2 Exploitative Working Conditions Peons were subjected to harsh working conditions, often with minimal pay, inadequate housing, and limited freedoms. They were effectively trapped in a cycle of debt and forced labor, unable to escape their predicament.

Section 3: Legal Framework and Abolition Efforts

3.1 Legal Status and Challenges Peonage was illegal under federal law, but corrupt local officials and complicit employers often protected and perpetuated the system. Many victims faced significant legal barriers when seeking justice and escaping their bondage.

3.2 Court Cases and Activism Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, several court cases shed light on the abuses of peonage. Notable examples include the United States v. Reynolds and the case of Sheriff James Clark in Alabama. These cases and the activism of civil rights organizations played a crucial role in exposing the injustices of peonage.

Section 4: Legacy and Impact

4.1 Human Rights and Social Consequences The legacy of peonage in America highlights the lasting impact of forced labor and systemic oppression on individuals and communities. The denial of basic human rights, the perpetuation of racial inequality, and the economic exploitation of vulnerable populations have left enduring scars.

4.2 The Struggle for Justice and Recognition The fight against peonage represented a significant chapter in the broader struggle for civil rights and labor rights in the United States. It underscored the need for legal reforms, increased oversight, and social awareness to ensure the protection of all individuals from exploitative labor practices.

Footnotes:

  1. Blackmon, Douglas A. "Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II." Anchor Books, 2008.

  2. Daniel, Pete. "Breaking the Land: The Transformation of Cotton, Tobacco, and Rice Cultures since 1880." University of Illinois Press, 1985.

  3. Gudmundson, Lowell. "The Exploiters: A Political History of American Slavery." Monthly Review Press, 2010.

  4. Jones, Jacqueline. "Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow: Black Women, Work, and the Family from Slavery to the Present." Basic Books, 1985.

  5. Peisner-Feinberg, Ellen. "The Criminalization of Debt." Fordham Law Review, vol. 77, no. 2, 2008, pp. 793-854.

  6. Seligmann, Linda J., et al. "Race and Labor in Western Copper: The Fight for Equality, 1896-1918." University of Arizona Press, 1995.











JUDGE REMINDS OWNERS SLAVERY HAS ENDED! They Paid the Negro $42 for a year of work ....that's LESS than Slave Wages




1954 Case Southern Men Convicted of Slavery


White Socialite Woman in San Diego Guilty of Slavery in 1947 Ripped out all of her slaves teeth and kept her hair cut minimum to avoid attraction from Men. Her Daughter found out the Mother kept a Slave and reported her Mother.


The following article marks the conclusion of a series about Athens native Dora Jones and the trial of Alfred and Elizabeth Ingalls in San Diego, California. The Ingalls were an affluent white couple accused of mistreating Jones, who worked for them. The article was originally published in the March 15 edition of the San Diego Reader and was written by Robert Fikes Jr., a librarian at San Diego University.



"Meanwhile, an unnamed third party who had heard Helen’s complaint against her parents, which amounted to modern-day slavery, communicated details to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, which gathered sufficient evidence, specifically violation of her civil rights as delineated in the 13th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution outlawing slavery and "involuntary servitude, to arrest the Ingalls on February 25, 1947, at their newly purchased two story retirement home at 911 A Avenue. "


" Responsible for serving distinguished guests like Massachusetts Gov. (later U.S. Senator) Leverette Saltonstall, she was never given a day off from working 4 a.m to 10 p.m. and was not allowed to eat or sit in the presence of the Ingalls. She had not seen a movie in more than 20 years, i.e., she had never seen a movie with sound. " https://www.enewscourier.com/news/local_news/a-slave-in-paradise-mrs-ingalls-takes-the-stand/article_a94fb982-10e5-11e7-ae54-977dbda09f39.html


"After 30 minutes huddled in a room, the jury's verdict was read at 5 p.m. — Elizabeth, guilty as charged. " https://www.enewscourier.com/news/local_news/a-slave-in-paradise-jury-reaches-verdict-in-ingalls-trial/article_2d66bd54-1408-11e7-ae61-2788bafdc5f1.html

The Untold Story: Slavery in the 20th Century



Why We Should Keep in Mind Slavery After Juneteenth


Juneteenth, celebrated on June 19th, marks the day in 1865 when news of the Emancipation Proclamation reached enslaved African Americans in Galveston, Texas, effectively ending slavery in the United States. While Juneteenth is a significant milestone in the fight for freedom and equality, it is essential to keep in mind the enduring legacy of slavery and its impact on American society. This passage explores why it is crucial to maintain an awareness of slavery even after Juneteenth, acknowledging its historical significance and ongoing consequences.

Understanding the Historical Significance:

Slavery was a deeply entrenched institution in America for centuries, shaping the country's social, economic, and political fabric. The enslavement of millions including American Indians and the enduring struggles they faced must never be forgotten. By remembering and learning from this history, we acknowledge the immense suffering endured by enslaved individuals and honor their resilience in the face of oppression.

Recognizing Ongoing Consequences:

Although legal slavery was abolished in one sense , its consequences continue to reverberate through generations. The legacies of slavery, such as systemic racism, economic disparities, and social inequalities, persist in American society today. By keeping in mind slavery after Juneteenth, we acknowledge that the fight for true equality is far from over and that we must continue to address these deep-rooted issues.

Preserving Cultural Heritage:

Slavery has profoundly impacted American Indian culture and identity. The struggles, resilience, and contributions of enslaved individuals have shaped and enriched the cultural tapestry of the United States..

Promoting Justice and Equity:

Maintaining an awareness of slavery after Juneteenth is essential for promoting justice and equity. It serves as a reminder of the unfinished work in dismantling systemic racism, eradicating discrimination, and creating a society that values and upholds the dignity and rights of all individuals. By confronting the legacy of slavery head-on, we actively work towards a more just and equitable future. Commemorate Juneteenth but keep in mind that it is symbolic and not literal there was slavery taking place in the modern 20th Century which should never and will never be ignored, Covered up or Erased


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