top of page

“ What is the temper of feeling between the component parts of your own Southern population, between your Anglo-Saxon, Norman French, and Moorish Spanish inhabitants of Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Missouri? between them all and the Indian savage,  the original possessor of the land from which you are I scourging him already back to the foot of the Rocky Mountains! What between them all and the Native American negro of African origin, whom they are holding in cruel bondage?” ~

President John Quincy Adams House of Representatives: On the State of the Nation Delivered May 25th 1836

bottom of page